D2 is the smallest NCAA division in softball with 289 programs*. However, in 19 states there are more D2 programs than D1 and D2 programs outnumber D3 programs in 22 states. Pennsylvania, North Carolina, and California have the most D2 softball programs and there are 13 states with 10 or more D2 schools.
Softball is an equivalency sport for scholarships which means that one scholarship may be split among several players. D2 softball programs are allowed a maximum of 7.2 scholarships per team. CSS provides a breakdown by position on how coaches use scholarships in recruiting. You can see a difference in D1 and D2 player characteristics and skill level expectations at AthNet.
According to the Office of Postsecondary Education (OPE), 26 D2 softball programs have operating expenses of $100,000 or more with Lindenwood University, Dixie State University, and Shorter University coming in at over $150,000. The only two conferences to average over $100,000 were the Heartland and Great Northwest conferences. Six more conferences had average team operating expenses of $75,000 or more.
The following data is from the OPE using the Equity in Athletics Data Analysis Cutting Tool. The information is from 2014 so the division and conference may not be current for schools. Check with the NCAA for the most recent listing of D2 softball programs.
*Numbers are based on the Office of Postsecondary Education
NCAA D2 Softball Programs with Operating Expenses